OK, couldn’t find a good documentation about it so I had to make some research. And since I’ll do it several times, let me take a note of the procedure and share it with you at the same time.
Parts in red should be changed by you to your specific names and details.
- Create an empty database, say “mysitedb“. Instructions are out of the scope of this how-to. Do not use a database that already has something in there because this procedure will drop it all.
- Configure your web server or hosting system to serve your new site, say “www.mysite.com“. I use DreamHost, so I’ll use DreamHost directory names in this tutorial. Be smart enough to change this directories to meet your system.
- Download and install Drush somewhere outside your site directory and make it globally executable:
cd ~ ; mkdir software; cd software; wget http://ftp.drupal.org/files/projects/drush-7.x-4.4.tar.gz; tar -zxvf drush-7.x-4.4.tar.gz; rm drush-7.x-4.4.tar.gz; echo 'PATH=$PATH:~/software/drush' >> ~/.bashrc; echo 'alias drush="drush --package-handler=git_drupalorg" ' >> ~/.bashrc; . ~/.bashrc
- Prepare a directory to contain Drupal installation and your site files. Part of this was already done in step 2 above but we’ll have to remove the site directory since Drush will create it for us in the process:
cd ~ ; [[ -d www.mysite.com ]] && rm -rf www.mysite.com; drush --drupal-project-rename=www.mysite.com dl drupal-7.0
- Create your Drupal site configuration and populate the database created on step 1:
cd www.mysite.com; drush site-install standard --site-name="My Site" --email@example.com \ --account-name=root --account-pass=drupalpass \ --db-url=mysql://mysitedbuser:firstname.lastname@example.org/mysitedb \ --db-prefix=drupal_
- Install obvious modules. Git will be used by default (and not tar.gz) because of the alias set on step 3:
drush dl views; drush dl cck; drush dl panels; drush dl zen;
Thats it !
Now point your browser to www.mysite.com to see your Drupal site ready to be used. Login into Drupal with the user name and password that you used on parameters --account-name and --account-pass on step 5 above and optionally enable the modules you’ve just installed on step 6.
The benefit of maintaining the installation of a software written in some interpreted language (as Drupal with PHP) is on code upgrades. The upgrade process aided by a versioning system (as Git) will cirurgically add, modify and delete the necessary files without leaving old unused files. In a tar.gz (or zip) scenario, you’ll unpack a new version archive over your previous installation, which will not handle correctly specially deleted files.